箏弦, String

短箏換弦 Replace a String for Smaller Guzhengs

我的大箏用了一段時間,換了弦數次,不算吃力,只是麻煩。不過最近幫家中的中華短箏換弦,便有點不知所措。這台中華箏長約54吋,大部分網上商店售賣的古箏弦線通常是給標準箏用,或是給135厘米的小箏用。這台箏長度不長不短,但就必需要用上標準箏的弦線,否則長度不足。在網上搜尋,竟然找不到任何有關短箏換弦的文章和影片,相當失望。因此,我在一些古箏社交網詢問其他箏友們的意見,當中有些古箏老手私下給我分享他們自己獨特的方式換短箏弦。由於版權問題,我不會在這裡分享他們的方法,不過我真的很感謝他們慷慨的分享。

我家中有後備的敦煌A弦,我也直接跟中華箏公司的負責人請教換弦方法。得出的心得如下:

  • 如非迫不得已,請不要剪短弦線。尼龍弦線不但剪了,尼龍便會鬆散,很難穿過琴頭的弦釘孔。
  • 在上弦前,把琴頭的弦釘多轉出數圈,然後在纏繞時再多數圈,就可以上緊弦,調音。這個做法,通常會今短梎弦釘有比較厚的弦線纏繞着,不過不會影響音色。

這種不長不短的古箏,換弦比標準箏有難度,我最初換時也斷了兩了弦才成功。不過掌握了後其實不算難只是比較花時間。有關一般換弦方法,請看我之前的文章

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I have been using my standard sized Guzheng for quite a while and have replaced strings for multiple times. It is not a difficult task but just troublesome. Recently, I replaced a string for my mid-size Guzheng at home. It was quite a lesson process. This Guzheng is approximately 54 inches long. It is shorter than a standard 64 inch Guzheng, but is longer than most travel-sized Guzheng. Many stores only sell strings for 64 inch Guzhengs or 135 cm Guzhengs. So, for a 54 inch one, I have no choice but to use a standard string (that typically fits a 64 inch Guzheng). If I used other shorter strings, they would not be long enough.

I googled on the Internet. Surprisingly, I could not find any websites, posts or videos about replacing strings on a travel-sized Guzheng. So, I went to some social media sites to seek help from other Guzheng experts. Some of them were very nice and shared with me their secret methods. Because of copyright, I am not going to share their method here. I’m going to share how I did mine.

I have a bunch of spare Dunhuang A-type strings at home. I contacted the company that made my Guzheng to get some tips. Here’s my experience and findings:

  • PLEASE, unless really necessary, don’t cut a string to shorter. When a string is cut, the nylon would become lose. Then it would be very difficult or almost impossible to get the string through the hole of the needle near the head of the Guzheng.
  • Before threading the string through the needle, you can use your tuning wrench to loosen needle a bit more (this means to let a needle extend outward a bit more, but NOT to completely take out the needle). This way when you thread a string, the needle has some more space for the string to wrap around. You just need to let the string to wrap around a few more rounds before tightening the string and put your bridge on the Guzheng surface.

This type of Guzheng is a bit more challenging than a standard one when it comes to replacing a string. I actually broke two strings because I succeeded. Once I grasp the technique, I find it actually wasn’t difficult. It was just more time consuming then replacing a string for a standard sized Guzheng.

If you want to learn the basics of replacing a Guzheng string, you can see my previous blog post here.

 

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