教學, Lessons

顫音、波音、滑音參考文檔 Mordent, Trill and Glissando Reference Document (Chinese Only)

之前很簡單分享了顫音和波音的分別,之後我很努力的根據教學練習,但是原來實戰彈奏是頗有難度,因為有些32分音符時值太短,我往往便做不了波音。然後就是愈彈,愈把不同的技巧混淆不清,有時都不知我自己是在用點音、波音、顫音或是滑音。在網上的羣組問問,還得不得我需要的答案,就是很多箏友們都似乎不能(或是不願)解釋什麼是波音。有些概念,對不同的箏友有不同的意思,所以大家彈奏的方式還有分別。我真的很抖結,很想把這個問題解開,奈何網上解說的資料也不多。今日在爬文中,找到了一點眉目。這個在百度找到的文檔所提供的解釋算是我看過的最容明白和全面,我也理解到顫音、波音和滑音的分別。所以我想在這理跟大家分享一下這篇好文章。以下是一些重點:

  • 順波音也可以理解成古箏中的大顫音。順波音在古箏演奏中是這樣的:右手先彈弦,左手後在該弦上連續上下地顫動。處理順波音時,弦顫動的幅度較大。這需要左手很靈活地去配合,才能奏出最完美的順波音。
  • 上回滑音:彈奏方法是上下滑音的組合,先上滑後下滑。
  • 重顫音:重顫音是左手在對右手所彈的琴絃作上下來回顫動,幅度相對輕顫音稍大些。
  • 輕顫音: 輕顫音是左手先對右手彈出的音上下來回顫動,幅度不太大。

我的結論是,顫音是波音的一種。跟我之前一篇文章的說法一樣,波音只是較短,顫音普遍較長。不過文檔有較詳盡的解釋和比較,是一篇頗好的參考文章。

古筝音乐中润腔的重要性

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Previously, I briefly discussed the difference between trill and mordent. However, I find in practice, sometimes it is really difficult to differentiate both in Guzheng. This is especially obviously when I need to pay a 1/32 note that has a trill symbol. Well… since the time is so short, how would I do a trill? Would I do a mordent instead? I have posted this questions on social media, but haven’t received much response from other Guzheng players. But to conquer my curiosity, I continued to google and do some research. Finally, I found an article that has nicely compared and explained the differences between trill, mordent and glissando. The article is in Simplified Chinese. For those who can read Simplified Chinese, please feel free to download the attachment (see link above). But here are some of the key points:

  • A mordent is like a heavy/ strong trill in Guzheng. the degree is movement is relatively big.
  • A heavy/strong trill in Guzheng requires a player to bend a string more. Hence the resulting pitch range is larger.
  • A light/weak trill in Guzheng requires a player to bend a string less compared to a heavy/strong trill. Hence the resulting pitch range is smaller.

 

 

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