教學, Lessons, 樂理, Theory

新手五線譜入門 Understand Staff for Dummies

以前的我很討厭樂理,對中學時的音樂科不感興趣,開始彈古箏後,才發現不懂樂理是一個大的障礙。幸好現在科技進步,可以隨時在網上找到資料自己慢慢學,不給自己壓力,其實也頗有趣味。今日找到一條短影片,令我開始了解到Beat 和Rhythm的分別。從前的我總是把它們混淆。這條影片雖然是英文的,可以有中文字幕,很值得初學者一看。


學習重點:

  • 音符(NOTES)是五線譜其中一項最基本的元素,如四分音符、全音符……
  • 五線譜上的五條線,由上至下、由下至上,可以告知彈奏者音高(PITCH)。由左至右,可以告知彈奏者節奏(RHYTHM)。
  • 譜號(CLEF)在五線譜的開頭,可以告知在譜上的某一條線或空間是那個音符。譜號有高音譜號 (Treble)、中音譜號 (Bass)、低音譜號 (Alto)。
  • 節拍(BEAT)單獨時十分枯燥,想像好似在聽拍子機那機械的滴、滴、滴……永不改變的頻率聲音,每一秒的聲音都是一樣的。
  • 節奏(RHYTHM)利用不同的音符(NOTES)創造出不同的旋律。
  • 小節線 = (BAR LINE) | 4/ 4 = 每個小節內有四個節拍、3/ 4 =  每個小節內有三個節拍。下方的數字 是指出用什麼音符作為基本單位,這裡的”4“是指用四分音符為基本單位。這些數字是拍號 (TIME SIGNATURE)。

如果你對樂理有興趣但是不知如何入手,請瀏覽我其他的新手樂理系列

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Good news for English Guzheng players. I’m very interested in learning more about music theory recently. In the past, I knew nothing about music theory, and I always hated my music lessons in secondary school. Since I have started learning Guzheng, I realized that music theory is my bigger obstacle to make improvement. Thanks to the Internet, there’s a lot of information available. However, sometimes it can be very overwhelming because there is soooooooooo much information available online. This morning I came across a very interesting and useful, short videos. It is in English with Chinese subtitles. I hope you will enjoy it 🙂

Key learning:

  • “Notes” are the basic elements in staff, such as quarter notes, eighth notes…etc.
  • The up and down axis of a staff tells us the pitch, while the left and right tells us the rhythm.
  • At the beginning of a staff, it often has a clef. It tells us which notes each line and space should have. There are different types of clef, such as Treble, Bass and Alto.
  • Beat is something very dull when used alone. It is simply like the da, da, da…. repeated sound when using a metronome. The frequency never chances; each second has the same sound.
  • Rhythm helps add life to Beat. It uses different types of notes to create rhythm and add variety to create music.
  • At the beginning of a staff, it usually shows something like 4/4, 2/4, 3/4…etc. The upper number shows the number of beats in each bar. The lower number shows what type of notes is used as the basic measurement unit. So, if the bottom number is 4, it means the staff uses quarter notes as the basic measurement unit; if the bottom number if 8, it means the staff uses eighth notes as the basic measurement unit. These numbers are used and called Time Signature.

If you are interested in learning more about music theory but don’t know where to start, please visit my blog for the Dummies series.

 

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