箏弦, String

敦煌A/B箏弦 Dunhuang A/B String

第一次買古箏回家時,老師教我用調音器把弦線調好,並不需要自己裝上弦線。到後來日子有功,弦線有損耗,便要自己買弦線替換。我對弦線研究不多,只了解市面上有不同品牌的弦線。因為我的古箏是煌箏,所以今次就很簡略說說敦煌的弦線。

我的是敦煌696D,最初真的不知道要買哪種弦線。上網爬文後,才了解到敦煌牌有A、B、C弦,而一般21弦古箏最常會用到的是A或者B弦。網路上不少古箏好友都分享它們最大的分別:

  • 手感不同:A型手感較鬆,余音較長。B型手感較緊,更適合大力度的作品使用;
  • 質地不同:A型相對較細較軟。B型弦較粗較硬;
  • 音色不同:A型音色較為清脆單薄。B型韻味更悠長,在大力度彈奏時,能將曲子更好表達;
  • 型號適配不同:敦煌古箏689、696系列出廠配置為A型。敦煌古箏694、695、698系列出廠配置為B型;
  • 針對使用者不同:使用者為兒童的可以選擇A型,高檔揚州品牌古箏、使用者為專業人士的可以選擇B型。

要意的是上面的第四點。我的古箏是696D。買了A弦換上5和8弦後,我發現它們的尼龍纏繞部分的頻色跟我箏上其他弦線顏色不一樣。我的古箏買回來原裝的弦線,尼龍纏繞部分是淺藍色的。換了的5和8弦,它們尼龍纏繞部分的是深藍色的。再來就是按弦的手感。5和8弦變得感覺相常的軟,我老師說我老是按多,而其他弦線是相常的硬,要相常的力才可按下。因為之前全部都是B弦,5和8弦換了A弦後,還不知不覺地按相同的力度,便會按多了、太高音了。由此我得到的結論是:

  • 不要盡信網上的消息。
  • 我的推論是尼龍纏繞部分,淺藍的是B弦,深藍的是A弦。
  • 大家可以買兩種弦回家作比。如果你有彈古箏數個月的經驗,不難感覺到二者的分別。
  • 一個箏可以同時使用不同的弦。如果低音部分太硬,太難按,可考慮使用A弦。
  • B弦一般都比A弦貴。
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敦煌国乐官方商城弦線參考圖。

***

First time when I bought my Guzheng, my teacher taught me how to use a tuning wrench to tune my Guzheng. There was no need for me to install strings. After 1 to 2 years of use, my strings started to break. So I needed to purchase new strings. I am not an expert in strings. But I do know that there are many types of strings available in the market.

Since I have a Dunhuang Guzheng, this time I am going to briefly talk about Dunhuang strings. My Guzheng is 696D. At first, I had no idea what strings I should buy. After some research on the Internet, I learned that Dunhuang has A, B, C types of strings. For the most commonly used 21-string Guzheng, A and B strings are the most popular.

Many Guzheng websites have talk about the differences between A and B strings:

  • Different feel: Type A feels looser and after sound lingers longer. Type B feels tighter, more suitable for music that requires a lot of strength.
  • Different textures: Type A is thinner and softer. Type B is thicker and harder.
  • Different tone: Type A produces sounds that are more crisp and thin. Type B produces a deeper flavour
  • Model: Dunhuang Guzheng 689, 696 series comes with Type A. Dunhuang Guzheng 694, 695, 698 series comes with Type B.
  • For different users: Children could choose Type A while professionals can choose Type B.

I’d like to draw your attention to point #4 above.

My Guzheng is 696D. After buying Type A strings for string 5 and 8, I found that the colour of their nylon parts was not the same as the other strings of my Guzheng. My The original strings that my Guzheng came with are light blue (nylon part). The newly changed 5 and 8 strings are dark blue (nylon part). In addition, when I pressed 5 and 8, it felt soft. Often my teach would say I press too much, resulting in getting a higher pitch than desired.  All other strings (with light blue nylon) were harder and required more strength to press.

From this experience, I learned:

  • Don’t trust everything on the Internet. Read and educate myself, but also trial and error in order to learn new things.
  • My inference is that for the nylon part, light blue is Type B while dark blue is Type A.
  • You can buy two kinds of strings try and compare at home. If you have experience playing Guzheng for several months, it is not difficult to feel the difference between the two.
  • A Guzheng can use different strings at the same time. If the bass part is too hard and too difficult to press, consider using Type A strings.
  • Type B strings are usually more expensive than Type A strings.
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包裝分別。Different packaging.
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右面的是淺藍色B弦,左面用的是深藍色 A弦。Right: light blue Type B strings; Left: dark blue Type A strings.

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