箏弦, String

古箏換弦 Replace a String

古箏換弦對很多朋友來說都有點怕,就是怕又會再斷弦,或者弦裝的不好、不穩陣。我第一次換弦是在箏用了大約一年半左右,一次在練箏時,第八弦突然啪的一聲斷了。之後一、兩個月後,第十二弦又斷了,然後就是第七弦……我都不是彈得很大力,不過我每日都彈,所以是會有損耗的。第一次換弦,雞手鴨腳,就是依靠看一段YouTube影片,看了三、四次自己搞定。現在換弦,約15分鐘可以OK。

影片:古箏換弦

其實換弦不難,弦了後調音才是最花時間,所以我才需要15分鐘。單是拆下舊弦和拉好弦,只不過是約5分鐘左右。我在網上才有看到古箏簡單換的步驟圖,希望對大家有用。

小胋士:

  • 古箏斷弦是無可避免,因為經常使用會有損耗的,所以不用害怕。
  • 愈低音的弦愈粗,相對需要多一點力去轉動手把。
  • 新弦安裝後最初會需要經常調音,經過數天後會慢慢穩定下來。
  • 我上分享的影片教比下面圖解多一個步驟,就是在第14個步驟後可以反方向打一個圈,增加穩陣和安全度。我一直都有跟著做的。

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Changing Guzheng strings sounds scary to many people because they are afraid that they will break the strings again, or the strings are not well installed. The first time when I had to replace my string was about after using my new Guzheng for about 1.5 years.  

I remembered I was playing some songs. Suddenly the eighth string broke. After one or two months, then it was the twelfth string that broke. Then, the seventh string… I didn’t play too rough, but I do play every day. Wear and tear leads to breaking a string. 

The first time I changed the strings, I was really scared. I relied on watching a YouTube video for three to four times.. Now I can change a string in about 15 minutes.

Here’s the video.

In fact, it is not very difficult to change the strings. The most time consuming part for me is to tune the string afterwards. The actual process of getting rid of the old string and threading the new string is relatively easy and fast; it usually takes me a bout five minutes.  I found some great illustrations on online and hope they are useful to you (please see images below).

Tip: 

  • Don’t be afraid to change the strings. It is normal to see broken strings because of frequent use and wear and tear. 
  • The thicker the string, the more force needed to turn the wrench.
  • After a new string is installed, its sound may be out of tune all the time. It will stabilize after a few days.
  • The video I shared above taught one more step than illustrations shown below – the video teaches students to make a circle in the opposite direction after the 14th step to increase the stability and security. I have been doing the same.
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1. 用手把向自己去鬆開舊琴弦。Turn the wrench towards yourself to loosen a string.
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2. 抽出舊琴弦。Take the old string out.
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3. 抽出舊琴弦。Take the old string out.
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4. 從箏尾抽出舊琴弦。Take the entire old string out from the bottom of the Guzheng.
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5. 打開新琴弦。Get your new string.
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6. 從S岳山穿新弦。Thread your new string through from the bottom (from the S-shape hollow space).
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7. 從面板上抽出。Pull the new string out from the top.
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8. 從面板抽出。Pull the new string out from the top.
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9. 穿入調音箱。Thread the new string through the tuning box.
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10. 穿過弦釘孔。Thread through the right needle.
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11. 超出約10mm。Leave out about 10mm.
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12. 壓住琴弦。Press the extra part of the string against the needle to stablize the string.
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13. 逆時針纏繞。Roll the string around anti-clockwise.
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14. 逆時針纏繞。Roll the string around anti-clockwise.
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15. 一手壓住,一手用手把向前方拉動拉緊弦線。Use your left hand to stablize the string. Your right hand uses the wrench to turn forward to tighten the string.
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16. 安裝箏碼。Install the bridge.
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17. 調整箏碼與弦距保證2端穿弦孔與箏碼頂部三點一線相鄰弦距均勻。Ensure the spacing between strings are equal.

 

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